Ben Veteran Interview Essay

Every essay or assignment you write must begin with an introduction. It might be helpful to think of the introduction as an inverted pyramid. In such a pyramid, you begin by presenting a broad introduction to the topic and end by making a more focused point about that topic in your thesis statement. The introduction has three essential parts, each of which serves a particular purpose.

  1. The first part is the “attention-grabber.” You need to interest your reader in your topic so that they will want to continue reading. You also want to do that in a way that is fresh and original. For example, although it may be tempting to begin your essay with a dictionary definition, this technique is stale  because it has been widely overused. Instead, you might try one of the following techniques:
    • Offer a surprising statistic that conveys something about the problem to be addressed in the paper.
    • Perhaps you can find an interesting quote that nicely sums up your argument.
    • Use rhetorical questions that place your readers in a different situation in order to get them thinking about your topic in a new way.
    • If you have a personal connection to the topic, you might use an anecdote or story to get your readers emotionally involved.
    • For example, if you were writing a paper about drunk drivers, you might begin with a compelling story about someone whose life was forever altered by a drunk driver: “At eighteen, Michelle had a lifetime of promise in front of her. Attending college on a track scholarship, she was earning good grades and making lots of friends. Then one night her life was forever altered…”
  2. From this attention grabbing opener, you would need to move to the next part of the introduction, in which you offer some relevant background on the specific purpose of the essay. This section helps the reader see why you are focusing on this topic and makes the transition to the main point of your paper. For this reason, this is sometimes called the “transitional” part of the introduction.
    • In the example above, the anecdote about Michelle might capture the reader’s attention, but the essay is not really about Michelle. The attention grabber might get the reader thinking about how drunk driving can destroy people’s lives, but it doesn’t introduce the topic of the need for stricter drunk driving penalties (or whatever the real focus of the paper might be).
    • Therefore, you need to bridge the gap between your attention-grabber and your thesis with some transitional discussion. In this part of your introduction, you narrow your focus of the topic and explain why the attention-grabber is relevant to the specific area you will be discussing. You should introduce your specific topic and provide any necessary background information that the reader would need in order to understand the problem that you are presenting in the paper. You can also define any key terms the reader might not know.
    • Continuing with the example above, we might move from the narrative about Michelle to a short discussion of the scope of the problem of drunk drivers. We might say, for example: “Michelle’s story is not isolated. Each year XX (number) of lives are lost due to drunk-driving accidents.” You could follow this with a short discussion of how serious the problem is and why the reader should care about this problem. This effectively moves the reader from the story about Michelle to your real topic, which might be the need for stricter penalties for drinking and driving.
  3. Finally, the introduction must conclude with a clear statement of the overall point you want to make in the paper. This is called your “thesis statement.” It is the narrowest part of your inverted pyramid, and it states exactly what your essay will be arguing.
    • In this scenario, your thesis would be the point you are trying to make about drunk driving. You might be arguing for better enforcement of existing laws, enactment of stricter penalties, or funding for education about drinking and driving. Whatever the case, your thesis would clearly state the main point your paper is trying to make. Here’s an example: “Drunk driving laws need to include stricter penalties for those convicted of drinking under the influence of alcohol.” Your essay would then go on to support this thesis with the reasons why stricter penalties are needed.
  4. In addition to your thesis, your introduction can often include a “road map” that explains how you will defend your thesis. This gives the reader a general sense of how you will organize the different points that follow throughout the essay. Sometimes the “map” is incorporated right into the thesis statement, and sometimes it is a separate sentence. Below is an example of a thesis with a “map.”
    • “Because drunk driving can result in unnecessary and premature deaths, permanent injury for survivors, and billions of dollars spent on medical expenses, drunk drivers should face stricter penalties for driving under the influence.” The underlined words here are the “map” that show your reader the main points of support you will present in the essay. They also serve to set up the paper’s arrangement because they tell the order in which you will present these topics.
  • A final note: In constructing an introduction, make sure the introduction clearly reflects the goal or purpose of the assignment and that the thesis presents not only the topic to be discussed but also states a clear position about that topic that you will support and develop throughout the paper. In shorter papers, the introduction is usually only one or two paragraphs, but it can be several paragraphs in a longer paper.

For Longer Papers

Although for short essays the introduction is usually just one paragraph, longer argument or research papers may require a more substantial introduction. The first paragraph might consist of just the attention grabber and some narrative about the problem. Then you might have one or more paragraphs that provide background on the main topics of the paper and present the overall argument, concluding with your thesis statement.

Below is a sample of an introduction that is less effective because it doesn’t apply the principles discussed above.

An Ineffective Introduction

Everyone uses math during their entire lives. Some people use math on the job as adults, and others used math when they were kids. The topic I have chosen to write about for this paper is how I use math in my life both as a child and as an adult. I use math to balance my checkbook and to budget my monthly expenses as an adult. When I was a child, I used math to run a lemonade stand. I will be talking more about these things in my paper.

In the introduction above, the opening line does not serve to grab the reader’s attention. Instead, it is a statement of an obvious and mundane fact. The second sentence is also not very specific. A more effective attention grabber may point out a specific, and perhaps surprising, instance when adults use math in their daily lives, in order to show the reader why this is such as important topic to consider.

Next the writer “announces” her topic by stating, “The topic I have chosen to write about…” Although it is necessary to introduce your specific topic, you want to avoid making generic announcements that reference your assignment. This technique is not as sophisticated and may distract the reader from your larger purpose for writing the essay. Instead, you might try to make the reader see why this is such an important topic to discuss.

Finally, this sample introduction is lacking a clear thesis statement. The writer concludes with a vague statement: “I will be talking more about these things in my paper.”  This kind of statement may be referred to as a “purpose statement,” in which the writer states the topics that will be discussed. However, it is not yet working as a thesis statement because it fails to make an argument or claim about those topics. A thesis statement for this essay would clearly tell the reader what “things” you will be discussing and what point you will make about them.

Now let’s look at how the above principles can be incorporated more effectively into an introduction.

A More Effective Introduction

“A penny saved is a penny earned,” the well-known quote by Ben Franklin, is an expression I have never quite understood, because to me it seems that any penny—whether saved or spent—is still earned no matter what is done with it. My earliest memories of earning and spending money are when I was ten years old when I would sell Dixie cups of too-sweet lemonade and bags of salty popcorn to the neighborhood kids. From that early age, I learned the importance of money management and the math skills involved. I learned that there were four quarters in a dollar, and if I bought a non-food item—like a handful of balloons—that I was going to need to come up with six cents for every dollar I spent. I also knew that Kool-Aid packets were 25 cents each or that I could save money and get five of them for a dollar. Today, however, money management involves knowing more than which combinations of 10-cent, five-cent, and one-penny candies I can get for a dollar. Proper money management today involves knowing interest rates, balancing checkbooks, paying taxes, estimating my paycheck, and budgeting to make ends meet from month-to-month.

  • In the first line the writer uses a well-known quotation to introduce her topic.
  • The writer follows this “attention-grabber” with specific examples of earning and spending money. Compare how the specific details of the second example paint a better picture for the reader about what the writer learned about money as a child, rather than this general statement: “As a child, I used math to run a lemonade stand.” In the first introduction, this statement leaves the reader to guess how the writer used math, but in the second introduction we can actually see what the child did and what she learned.
  • Notice, too, how the reader makes the transition from the lessons of childhood to the real focus of her paper in this sentence: “Today, however, money management involves knowing….”
  • This transition sentence effectively connects the opening narrative to the main point of the essay, her thesis: “Proper money management today involves knowing interest rates, balancing checkbooks, paying taxes, estimating my paycheck, and budgeting to make ends meet from month-to-month." This thesis also maps out for the reader the main points (underlined here) that will be discussed in the essay.

Resources

New York State Military Museum
Oral History Program
Veteran Interviews

The State of New York, the Division of Military and Naval Affairs and the New York State Military Museum are not responsible for the content, accuracy, opinions or manner of expression of the veterans whose historical interviews are presented in these videos.  The opinions expressed by those interviewed are theirs alone and not those of the State of New York.

The New York State Military Museum cannot provide individual copies of these interviews. To download copies from YouTube please see this article: How to Download YouTube Videos | PCMag.com

Sorted by Name

NameFormatGenderConflict / YearsBranchUnitTheater HometownNotes
Abaied, James K.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US NavyUSS Laffey (DD-724)Atlantic, PacificKirkland, NYSupported D-Day landings
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Abbott, KatherineVideo
Audio
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FemaleWorld War 2US Army PacificSouth Glens FallsInterviewed by Hudson Falls H.S.
Transcribed by Heidi Holdridge Frantz
Abbott, LucyVideo
Audio
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FemaleWorld War 2US Army Women's Corps (WACS)  Kingston, NYInterviewed at the American Legion Post, Saugerties, NY
Transcribed by Jenna Batchelder
Abilo (Abitabilo), Anthony C.Video
Audio
Memoir
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Abramson, EdwardVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army399th Infantry Regiment
100th Infantry Division
EuropeanBrooklyn, NYRelations with French civilians and soldiers
Transcribed by Tee Branch
Achiron, MortonVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps3rd Marine DivisionPacificNew York, NYForward observer on Iwo Jima
Transcribed by Tom Timmons
Adams, Henry, JrVideo
Audio
Male1948 - 1953USNavy
USArmy
172nd Infantry Regiment
43rd Infantry Division
 Albany, NYInterviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Addison, Robert A.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps1st Marine Raider BattalionPacificAlliance, OhioInterviewed by Hudson Falls H.S.,
Addison, Robert A.Video
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps1st Marine Raider BattalionPacificAlliance, OhioInterviewed by the NYS Military Museum Transcribed by Eileen O'Hara
Addison, RobertVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps1st Marine Raider BattalionPacificAlliance, OhioGroup interview by the Hudson Falls HS, War in the Pacific v.2, Hudson Falls HS
Adsit, Melissa & JohnVideo
Audio
Transcription
 World War 2Civilian  Baldwinsville, NYInterviewed by Baldwinsville Messenger and the Baldwinsville Public Library in 1994.
Transcribed by Niloufar Saririan
Aiello, William P.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Marine CorpsLima Company, 3rd Battalion 26th Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division Brooklyn, NYWounded at Khe Sann
Transcribed by Stephen Leccese
Alagna, Richard GregoryVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Corps445th Bomb Group
700th Bomb Squadron
EuropeanBrooklyn, NYBall-turrent gunner on a B-17
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Albanese, Mario M.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army315th Infantry Regiment
79th Infantry Division
European
Mediterranean
Gloversville, NYHeavy weapons (mortars and machine guns)
Transcribed by Ryan Leland
Alberico, AnthonyVideo
Audio
Transcription
Memoir
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces8th Air ForceEuropeanHyde Park, NYTranscribed by Joshua Fontana
Alden, John D.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Cold War
US NavyLamprey (Ship: SS-372)
Seacat (Ship: SS-399)
Palau (Ship: CVE 122)
PacificIthaca, NYServed on Submarine in WW2
Transcribed by Stephen Leccese
Alderman, Theodore RobertVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleCold WarUS Army1st Maint. Battalion
3rd Support Brigade
EuropeSchenectady, NYServed 1965-1969
Transcribed by Christopher Philippo
Alexander, Art (Arthur)Video
Audio
MaleWorld War Two    Interviewed by the Baldwinsville Messenger and the Baldwinsville Public Library
Allen, Barbara RosenthalVideo
Audio
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FemaleWorld War TwoUS NavyBrooklyn Naval HospitalAmericanAlbany, NYLaboratory technician in the Navy
Transcribed by Tiki Beatty
Allen, HectorVideo
Audio
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MaleKorean WarUS Army9th Infantry Regiment
2nd Infantry Division
 Troy, NYKumwha Valley, Boomerang, Kansas Line
Transcribed by Sean Quinn
Allen, Lloyd WayneVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Korean War
US Marine CorpsOccupation Forces in Japan
1st Marine Division in Korea
 Albany, NYInteviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Transcribed by Oliver Groom
Allen, William (Bill)Video
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces505th Bomb Group
482nd Bomb Squadron
Pacific Interviewed by the American Legion
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Allison, William StewartVideo
Audio
MaleVietnam WarUS NavyUSS Kitty Hawk (VA-42)
USS Independence (VA-75)
 Elizabeth, NJ 
Allocco, Thomas NicholasVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleOperation Desert Shield/ Desert StormUS Marine Corps (67-70)
US Air Force Reserve (82-08)
439th Airlift Wing Rochester, NYPublic Affairs Office
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Alpert, StanleyVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2United States. Army Air Forces398th Bomb Group
600th Bomb Squadron
EuropeanBrooklyn, NY 
Altieri, Michael A.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army48th Reinforcement battalion,
39th Machine Records Unit (Mobile),
36th Machine Records Unit (Fixed)
EuropeanSchenectady, NYTranscribed by Catherine Seita
Altshuler, HerbertVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps PacificQueensbury, NYInteviewed at Hudson Falls HS
Altshuler, HerbertVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps PacificQueensbury, NYHome Interview 1
Altshuler, HerbertVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps PacificQueensbury, NYHome Interview 2
Altshuler, HerbertVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps PacificQueensbury, NYOstrander Interview
Amabile, ErnestVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Army11th Armored Cavalry  Interviewed by Joe Anastasio
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Amborski, LeonardVideo
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2Civilian  Buffalo, NYResearch Physicist
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Amthor, Bianci, nee GangregorioVideo
Audio
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FemaleWorld War 2US Army Nurse Corps178th General HospitalEuropean Interviewed by Senator Patty Ritchie's office, with an introduction by the Senator.
Transcribed by Sidney Kriz
Amthor, Bianca, nee GiangregorioVideo
Audio
Transcription
FemaleWorld War 2US Army Nurse Corps178th General HospitalEuropeanWatertown, NYInterviewed by Hudson Falls H.S., Hudson Falls, NY
Transcribed by Mary Reilly
Amy, Howard E., JrVideo
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2US Army27th Infantry Division
106th Field Artillery Battalion
 Buffalo, NYWounded on Okinawa
transcribed by Ben Stoline
Anderson, George DouglasVideo
Audio
Transcription
Male World War 2US Army Air Forces European
Mediterranean
Peekskill, NYGlider Pilot
Transcribed by Paul Stambach
Anderson, George DouglasVideo
Audio
Male World War 2US Army Air Forces European
Mediterranean
Peekskill, NYExtracted from a compilation of interviews by Assemblyman Marc Butler and the Herkimer County Community College
Anderson, Robert S. L.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS ArmyMP CompanyVietnamNewark, NYTranscribed by Daniel Keefe
Anderson, RossVideo
Audio
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Anderson, TheodoreVideo
Audio
Transcription
 World War 2US Army6803es Service CompanyEuropeanHoosick Falls, NYInterviewed by the Hoosick Falls Historical Society
Transcribed by Jason Zinzow
Andrecheck, James S.Video
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces459th Bomb Group
757th Bomb Squadron
MediterraneanHenderson, NYBall Turret Gunner
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Andrews, Harold F.Video
Audio
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MaleWorld War 2US Army Air CorpsAir Transport CommandChina, Burma, IndiaAlbany, NYFlying the Hump
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Andriello, Sebastian D.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army39th Regiment
9th Division
EuropeanNew York CityWounded in Belgium
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Anello, HelenVideo
Audio
Transcription
FemaleWorld War 2Civilian  Queensbury, NYInterviewed by Murphy of Hudson Falls H.S.
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Annicchiarico, Catello CharlesVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US NavyJames O'Hara (Ship: APA- 90)
O'Hare (Ship: DD- 889)
PacificDobbs Ferry, NYSaipan, Leyte, Iwo Jima, Luzon
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Appleyard, Charles H.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army South AmericanYonkers, NYInterviewed by Andrea Clark of Hudson Falls HS
Transcribed by Nathalia Walker
Appleyard, Charles H.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army South AmericanYonkers, NY2011 interview by David Sears.
Transcribed by Catherine Seita
Archibald, Julius A., Jr.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleKorean WarUS Air ForceAir Force Research and Development CommandKoreaNew York, NY Interviewed by Tenefer Scipip of Plattsburgh State University
Transcribed by Ryan Shippee
Arcuri, ValentinoTranscriptionMaleWorld War 2US Army Air Corps407th Hq and Base Service Squadron EuropeanNewburgh, NYTranscription only.
Interviewed by Michele Starkey for The Sentinel (Orange County, NY)
Aretakis, John 'Artie'Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Marine Corps28th MarinesPacificBrooklyn, NYIwo Jima
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Ariano, Michael J.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleIraq War, 2003-US Army10th Mountain Division Bronx, NYPlatoon Leader
Transcribed by Stephen Leccese
Armao, John A.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Army79th General HospitalEuropeanNew York, NY 
Armstrong, Earl DelmarVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleCold War, 1954-1956US NavyUSS Charles S. Sperry (DD-697)PacificHudson Falls, NY ?Witnessed the kamikaze attacks on the USS Bunker Hill
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Armstrong, James R.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Navy PacificGloversville, NYInterviewed by the Herkimer Fulton County Historical Society
Transcribed by Rick Bennett.
Armstrong, JamesVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Navy Gloversville, NYExtracted from a compilation of interviews by Assemblyman Marc Butler and the Fulton County Historical Society
Arnold, Ronald A.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleKorean WarUS Marine Corps1st Marine Division
1st Marines
 Buffalo, NYBAR Gunner, night patrols
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Arthur, Alexander, Jr.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Korean War
US Marine Corps1st Marine Division East Rochester, NYGarrison duty in China after WW2
Transcribed by Tom Timmons
Arthur, Charles PatrickVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleCold War, 1954-1956US Army9th Infantry Division Ticonderoga, NYInterviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Transcribed by Victor Perez
Assenheimer, EdVideo
Audio
Transcription
 World War 2    Interviewed by the Baldwinsville Messenger and the Baldwinsville Public Library
Transcribed by Tracy J Czub
Asthalter, Justus M.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army689th Engineers Base Equipment Co.PacificNeversink, NYHeavy equipment operator
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Athenas, Harry W.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces1709th Signal Service Bn
9th Air Force
EuropeanMargaretville, NYOmaha Beach, truck driver
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Atkinson, Malcolm J.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army36th Infantry DivisionMediterraneanHartford, NYPOW
Transcribed by Paul Stambach
Atwell, Allan P.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Army28th Military Police Platoon
28th Infantry Division,
EuropeanBinghamton, NY 
Austin, Charles FranklinVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Coast Guard
US Army
4th Infantry Division Whitehall, NYTwo tours of duty in Vietnam
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Austin, Charles JamesVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Marine Corps3rd Battalion, 4th Marines Whitehall, NYEvacuation of Saigon
Transcribed by Mary Reilly
Austin, Jerry EdwardVideo
Audio
MaleVietnam WarUS Marine Corps4th DivisionVietnamTiconderoga, NY 
Avellino, AnthonyVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces    Stationed in Iceland
Transcribed by Nicholas Seabrook
Avellino, Anthony

Video
Audio

MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces  Extracted from a compilation of interviews by Assemblyman Marc Butler and the Fulton County Historical Society
Avy, StanleyVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War, 1939-1945United States. Navy PacificNew York, NYWhite
Hudson Falls H.S., Hudson Falls, NY
Azzarelli, VincentVideo
Audio
MalePersian Gulf WarUS Air Force552nd Airborne warning and control systems, (AWAC) Middle EastBuffalo, NYInterviewed by Heather A.Wade of the Chemung County Historical Society

 

NameFormatGenderConflict / YearsBranchUnitTheater HometownNotes
B-17 Crew, Group InterviewVideo
Audio
Transcription
 World War 2US Army Air Forces457th Bomb Group
751st Bomb Squadron
European Group interviewed by Hudson Falls, HS. Includes Earl M. Morrow, Samuel J. Lisica, and Jerome Silverman.
Transribed by Susan Bergmann
Baber, James KoehlerVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army6th Armored Regiment;
1st Armored Division
EuropeanKansas City, MONormandy; General Patton
Transcribed by Elizabeth Horowitz
Bachelet, Janet Bower (Bauer)Video
Audio
Transcription
FemaleWorld War 2US Army Air ForcesAir Transport Command (ATC)  Worked in the office for the CBI wing.
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Bailey, John A.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army27th Infantry Division
106th Infantry Regiment
Pacific, EuropeanKiamesha Lake, NYBattle of the Bulge
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Bailey, John E.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Navy
Fleet Marine Force
Attached to 5th Marine Service CorpsPacificAlbany, NYPharmacist's Mate
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Bailey, Frank JoelBiographyMale1907 - 1941US Naval Militia
US Naval Reserves
  Buffalo, NYBiography written by Thomas Bailey Hagen, 2012.
Bailey, Kenneth H.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army4th Cavalry Group (Mechanized)EuropeanAlbany, NYInterviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Transcribed by Oliver Groom
Baim, David H.Video
Audio
MaleVietnam WarUS Army VietnamEaston, PAInterviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Baker, Henry Ten EyckVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army75th Infantry DivisionEuropeanJohnstown, NYBronze Star
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Baker, KeithVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War TwoUS Army European Interviewed by Senator Patty Richie's Office
Transcribed by Dustin Conte
Baker, Richard ThomasVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces390th Heavy Bomber Group,
571st Squadron,
8th Air Force
EuropeanRome, NYTop Turrent Gunner
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Baker, Walter SommersVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2NY National Guard
US Army Air Forces
7th Reg., NY NG
314th Composite Wing
PacificPeapack, NJFighter pilot
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Baldridge, Robert C.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army34th Field Artillery Bn
9th Infantry Division
EuropeanOmaha, NERemagen Bridge, Nordhausen concentration camps
Transcribed by Daniel Keefe
Baldwin, Robert D.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Army25th Infantry DivisionVietnamWellsville, NYInterviewed by Melissa Beardsley of the Chemung County Historical Society
Transcribed by Joe DiDonato
Ball, ElizabethVideo
Audio
FemaleWorld War 2Civilian AmericanElmira, NYInterviewed by Heather Wade of the Chemung County Historical Society
Ball, William FrederickVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleKorean WarUS Army172nd Infantry RegimentKoreaGlens Falls, NYTranscribed by Will Joseph
Ballard, Sammy LeonVideo
Audio
Transcription
Male1972 - 1978US Army
US Marine Corps
  Newburg, NYIn Germany with the Army
Transcribed by Brendan Coyle
Balls, William H.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Korean War
US Army81st Artillery Bn (WW2)EuropeanRye, NYBattle of Hürtgen Forest, Dachau
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Balogh, Steven G.Video
Audio
Male1945 - 1946   Flatbush, NYInterviewed by the American Legion Post, Saugerties NY
Bambury, Herbert, Jr.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces EuropeanCarthage, NYInterviewed by Brian Beagle and Phil Boardman of the Rome Free Academy
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Bangert, James G.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Forces452nd Bomber Group,
8th Air Force
EuropeanNanuet, NYBombadier on a B-24 Liberator
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Banko, WalterVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US NavyArmed Guard on Liberty Ship
1981 Lee S. Overman/ USS Hornet
 Altoona, PAD-Day at Gold Beach
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Baranaski, George , Jr.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Army1st Cavalry Division
8th Cavalry Regiment
  Group interview by Greater Capital Region Teacher Center with Margaret Gunderson, George Baranowski, Jr., Sal D'Ippolito and Hal Silverstein.
Transcribed by Valerie Disiena
Baranowski, Donald A.Video
Audio
Transcription
Male1971 - 1975
Desert Storm
US Air Force United States Air Force ReserveK C Air Refueling Wing
174th Ftr. Wng.
Middle EastCamdenInterviewed by Alicia Anderson and Jen Dixon of the Rome Free Academy H.S., Rome, NY
Transcribed by Mark Woinicki
Barben, George J.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Korean War
US Coast Guard
US Navy
USS ComancheAtlanticBrooklyn, NYEscort duty, North Atlantic Convoys
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Barber, John S.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleCold War, 1952-56US Air Force317th Troop Carrier Wing Salem, NYStationed in Germany
Transcribed by Rich Margolin
Barclay, Richard L.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army419th F.A. Gp.PacificNewburgh, NYTranscribed by Dion Selby
Bari, FrankVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Navy
US Coast Guard
USCG Cutter Dallas
USCG Cutter Busch
PT Boat Banks
PT Boat Orient
VietnamMineola, NY 
Barnes, Frederick S.Video
Audio
Transcription
Male1946 - 1977US Air Force
US Army Air Forces
15th Air Force
15th Ftr. Gp, Griffiss AFB
Mediterranean PacificBuffalo, NYInterviewed by Kristen Scanlon and Kevin May of the Rome Free Academy H.S., Rome, NY
Transcribed by Tori Burrell
Barnes, Harrison, Jr.Video
Audio
Transcription
Male1946 - 1948US Army30th Army Band Kingston, NYStationed in Germany
Transcribed by Alex Torres
Barnes, John JosephVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyCo. H 116th Inf. Regt.
29th Infantry Division
EuropeanUtica, NYInterviewed by the Rome Free Academy H.S., Rome, NY
Transcribed by Mike Mansir
Barney, Daniel E.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US NavyDixie (Ship: AD-14)
USS YP 267/RB
PacificHerkimer, NY Interviewed by the Rome Free Academy H.S., Rome, NY
Rev. Barney, George E.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyCo. C 16th Regt.
1st Infantry Division
EuropeanUtica, NY Interviewed by Gary Ford of the Rome Free Academy H.S. Rome, NY
Transcribed by Amanda Baldwin
Barraco, Robert A.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietman WarUS Army1st Cavalry Division (Americal) Danville, NYInterviewed by the Rome Free Academy
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Barrett, James B.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Army320th Inf. Regt.
35th Division
EuropeanAlbany, NY 
Barron, Robert EdwardVideo
Audio
Transcription
Male1953 - 1956US ArmyUSAF Area Command, SaltzburgEuropeanVoorheesville, NYInterviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Barsallo, Luis E.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleIraq WarUS Army
NYArmy National Guard
27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team
108th Infantry Regiment
Middle EastWaterfordTranscribed by Daniel Keefe
Bartells, Robert BurkeVideo
Audio
Transcription
Male World War 2US NavySeaBees  Interviewed at the American Legion Post, Saugerties, NY
Transcribed by Rebeccah Goyette
Bartholomew, Lloyd GibsonVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Army 121st General Hospital
97th General Hospital
EuropeanPoultney, VTTranscribed by Julio Rodriguez
Bartolotta, Frank R.Video
Audio
MaleVietnam WarUS NavyMedical service
USNS Gen. William O. Darby
VietnamKenmore, NY 
Basile, Joseph N.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US NavyUSS LSMR 402PacificAlbany, NYInterviewed by Christ The King School
Transcribed by Vusala Aliyeva
Battillo, AnthonyVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyHQ, 4th Corps, 5th ArmyMediterraneanBrooklyn, NYLiberation of Rome
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Battista, ThomasVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War TwoUS Army European  Interviewed by Senator Patty Richie's Office
Transcribed by Elle Connelly
Battle of the Bulge, Group InterviewVideo
Audio
 World War 2    Interviewed by Hudson Falls H.S. Hudson Falls, NY
Bauer, Gary A.Video
Audio
Male1957 - 1963US NavyEssex [Ship:CVA/CVS-9]PacificOrchard Park, NY 
Bauer, Harold KarlVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US NavyCASU 30-35-12PacificAlbany, NY Interviewed by Ken and June Hunter
Bazar, LydiaVideo
Audio
Transcription
FemaleWorld War 2Civilian  PolandForced labor for the Germans
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Bazar, MyronVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Navy PacificAmsterdam, NYServed aboard a refeuling ship
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Beach, Walter RoyVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US NavyLST 264
Donner LSD 20
AtlanticLong Island, NY 
Beagle, Howard TaylorVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Air Force552nd Airborne Early Warning and Control WingVietnamDarby, PA
Interviewed by Brian Beagle Kristen Scanlon of the Rome Free Academy H.S. Rome, NY
Transcribed by Marlo Sexton
Beard, Edward J.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2NY National Guard
US Army Air Forces
112th F.A.
345th Bmb. Gp.
498th Sqn
PacificBuffalo, NY 
Beaton, JoanVideo
Audio
FemaleWorld War 2Civilian   Interviewed by Hudson Falls HS
Part of a Group Interview
Beaudin, BrianVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2 82nd Airborne Division
508th Parachute Infantry
EuropeanWest Warwick, Rhode Island Interviewed by the Herkimer Fulton County Historical Society
Beaudin, BrianVideo
Audio
MaleWorld War 2 82nd Airborn Division
508th Parachute Infantry
  Extracted from a compilation of interviews by Assemblyman Marc Butler and the Fulton County Historical Society
Beauregard, John M.Video
Audio
Transcription
Male1964-1967US Army27th Maintenance Company
1st Cavarly Division
 Schenectady, NYServed in Korea and at West Point
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Becker, Miles JohnstonVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Army4th Engineer Battalion
4th Infantry Division
 Plattsburg, NYWorked with the Montagnards
Transcribed by Mary Reilly
Beebe, Theodore J , SrVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2
Korean War,
US Army Air Forces
US Air Force
463d Bmb. Sqn.
346th Bmb. Gp.
Pacific KoreaAlbany, NYTranscribed by Christina Malthouse
Beikirch, Gary BurnellVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Army5th Special Forces Group Rochester, NYMedal Of Honor
Belefant, Martin S.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyUS Army. Infantry Division, 99thEuropeanScarsdale, NY 
Belfield, Justus RathboneVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyTroop, G, NYNG
22nd Armored Division
EuropeanUtica, NYInterviewed by the NYS Military Museum
Transcribed by Kathy Olson
Belfield, Justus RathboneTranscriptionMaleWorld War 2US ArmyTroop, G, NYNG
22nd Armored Division
EuropeanUtica, NYPart One
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Belfield, Justus RathboneVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyTroop, G, NYNG
22nd Armored Division
EuropeanUtica, NYPart Two
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Belfield, Justus RathboneVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyTroop, G, NYNG
22nd Armored Division
EuropeanUtica, NYPart Three
Transcribed by Mark Orr
Bell, Raymond E., Jr.Video
Audio
MaleVietnam War,
1957 - 1989
US Army 220th MP BrigadeVietnam
Africa
West Point, NY 
Bena, David JohnVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Marine Corps1st Marine Air Wing Saratoga Springs, NYMissions above 17th Parallel
Benamati, David PatrickVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleIraq War, 2003-NY Army National Guard299th Engineerrs Cohoes, NYNothern Iraq, 2005-2006
Transcribed by Victor Perez
Benjamin, Farron P.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Army1027 Material Sqn.
509th Composite Gp.
PacificWest Edmeston 
Bennett, Charles H.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US Army Air Corps456th Bomb Group
745th Bomb Squadron
EuropeanHudson Falls, NY 
Bennett, Charles L.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS NavyUSS Jospeph Strauss (DDG-16) Whitehall, NYEaster Offensive of 1972
Transcribed by Maggie Oldendorf
Corrections supplied by his wife, Tammy Bennett.
Bennett, David CharlesVideo
Audio
Transcription
MaleVietnam WarUS Marine Corps1st Marine Airborne Wing. Norwood, MAInterviewed by Bekah Havens of the Rome Free Academyl
Transcribed by Eilish Tucker
Bennett, Harold L.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmySignal Service Battalion, 988thChina, Burma, IndiaWhite Creek, NYTranscribed by Jacob Kallal
Bennett, Kim MorganVideo
Audio
MaleVietnam WarUS Air Force
US Army
Security PoliceVietnamGenoa, NY 
Bennett, Lawrence E.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyCo D
341st Inf. Regt.
86th Division
EuropeanNewburgh, NY 
Benoit, Joseph Edward "Eddie"Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US Navy Mediterranean PacificWorcesterTranscribed by Meaghan Foley
Benson, Burton E.Video
Audio
Transcription
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyCo. K
423rd Regt.
106th Infantry Division
EuropeanRome, NY Interviewed by Mike O' Connell and Tom Knudsen of the Rome Free Academy
Transcribed by Joshua Fontana
Benson, Murray M.Video
Audio
MaleWorld War 2US ArmyHq. 7th Army

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